Scanning tunneling microscope (STM) has been increasingly applied to elucidate dynamic motions of atoms on metal surfaces and revealed novel characteristics of the atomic motions and their physical mechanisms. Here, a review is given of our present understanding of the atomic motions on metal surfaces obtained from recent STM observations, particularly concentrating on the following three topics ; (1) atomic motions at steps of clean metal surfaces,(2) long-range mass transport during metal thin-film growth and (3) surface kinetics of each adatom of nitrogen and oxygen. Finally, a future view of the STM approach to surface dynamic processes is described.
|ジャーナル||Busshitu Kogaku Kogyo Gijutsu Kenkyusho Hokoku/Journal of the National Institute of Materials and Chemical Research|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1997 12 1|
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