Attenuation of endotoxin-induced acute lung injury by the Rho associated kinase inhibitor, Y-27632

Sadatomo Tasaka, Hidefumi Koh, Wakako Yamada, Mie Shimizu, Yuko Ogawa, Naoki Hasegawa, Kazuhiro Yamaguchi, Yoshiki Ishii, Sarah E. Richer, Claire M. Doerschuk, Akitoshi Ishizaka

研究成果: Article査読

108 被引用数 (Scopus)


A small GTPase, Rho, plays key roles in cell adhesion, motility, and contraction after stimulation. Among Rho effectors isolated, the family of Rho-associated coiled-coil-forming protein kinases (ROCK) is implicated in Rho-mediated cell adhesion and smooth muscle contraction. The effect of a specific inhibitor of ROCK, Y-27632, was evaluated in a murine model of acute lung injury induced by intravenous injection of Escherichia coli endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]). Lung edema was evaluated by measuring extravascular leakage of radio-labeled serum albumin, and neutrophil emigration into the lung parenchyma by morphometric observation and measuring myeloperoxidase activity. Pretreatment with Y-27632 attenuated both lung edema and neutrophil emigration after LPS. We also measured albumin transfer through cultured endothelial cell monolayers on a porous filter. Tumor necrosis factor-α significantly increased albumin transfer, which was attenuated by pretreatment with Y-27632. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that morphologic changes in endothelial cells induced by tumor necrosis factor-α were inhibited by Y-27632. In contrast, the increased fraction of neutrophils with polymerized actin after formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine was not altered by Y-27632. These data suggest that ROCK may play an important role in the pathogenesis of LPS-induced lung injury and that ROCK inhibition could attenuate cytoskeletal rearrangement of endothelial cells, leading to decreased neutrophil emigration into the lung parenchyma.

ジャーナルAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 6月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分子生物学
  • 呼吸器内科
  • 臨床生化学
  • 細胞生物学


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