Autoreactive CD4+ T-cell clones to β2-glycoprotein I in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome: Preferential recognition of the major phospholipid-binding site

Takahide Arai, Kazue Yoshida, Junichi Kaburaki, Hidetoshi Inoko, Yasuo Ikeda, Yutaka Kawakami, Masataka Kuwana

研究成果: Article査読

64 被引用数 (Scopus)


Autoreactive CD4+ T cells to β2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI) that promote antiphospholipid antibody production were recently identified in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). To further examine antigen recognition profiles and T-cell helper activity in β2GPI-reactive T cells, 14 CD4+ T-cell clones specific to β2GPI were generated from 3 patients with APS by repeated stimulation of peripheral blood T cells with recombinant β2GPI. At least 4 distinct T-cell epitopes were identified, but the majority of the β2GPI-specific T-cell clones responded to a peptide encompassing amino acid residues 276 to 290 of β2GPI (KVSFFCKNKEKKCSY; single-letter amino acid codes) that contains the major phospholipid-binding site in the context of the DRB4*0103 allele. Ten of 12 β2GPI-specific T-cell clones were able to stimulate autologous peripheral blood B cells to promote anti-β2GPI antibody production in the presence of recombinant β2GPI. T-cell helper activity was exclusively found in T-cell clones capable of producing interleukin 6 (IL-6). In vitro anti-β2GPI antibody production induced by T-cell clones was inhibited by anti-IL-6 or anti-CD40 ligand monoclonal antibody. In addition, exogenous IL-6 augmented anti-β2GPI antibody production in cultures of the T-cell clone lacking IL-6 expression. These results indicate that β2GPI-specific CD4+ T cells in patients with APS preferentially recognize the antigenic peptide containing the major phospholipid-binding site and have the capacity to stimulate B cells to produce antiβ2GPI antibodies through IL-6 expression and CD40-CD40 ligand engagement. These findings are potentially useful for clarifying the pathogenesis of APS and for developing therapeutic strategies that suppress pathogenic antiphospholipid antibody production in these patients.

出版ステータスPublished - 2001 9 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 免疫学
  • 血液学
  • 細胞生物学


「Autoreactive CD4<sup>+</sup> T-cell clones to β<sub>2</sub>-glycoprotein I in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome: Preferential recognition of the major phospholipid-binding site」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。