Boronic-Acid-Catalyzed Regioselective and 1,2- cis -Stereoselective Glycosylation of Unprotected Sugar Acceptors via SNi-Type Mechanism

Masamichi Tanaka, Akira Nakagawa, Nobuya Nishi, Kiyoko Iijima, Ryuichi Sawa, Daisuke Takahashi, Kazunobu Toshima

研究成果: Article査読

66 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Regio- and 1,2-cis-stereoselective chemical glycosylation of unprotected glycosyl acceptors has been in great demand for the efficient synthesis of natural glycosides. However, simultaneously regulating these selectivities has been a longstanding problem in synthetic organic chemistry. In nature, glycosyl transferases catalyze regioselective 1,2-cis-glycosylations via the SNi mechanism, yet no useful chemical glycosylations based on this mechanism have been developed. In this paper, we report a highly regio- and 1,2-cis-stereoselective SNi-type glycosylation of 1,2-anhydro donors and unprotected sugar acceptors using p-nitrophenylboronic acid (10e) as a catalyst in the presence of water under mild conditions. Highly controlled regio- and 1,2-cis-stereoselectivities were achieved via the combination of boron-mediated carbohydrate recognition and the SNi-type mechanism. Mechanistic studies using the KIEs and DFT calculations were consistent with a highly dissociative concerted SNi mechanism. This glycosylation method was applied successfully to the direct glycosylation of unprotected natural glycosides and the efficient synthesis of a complex oligosaccharide with minimal protecting groups.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3644-3651
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of the American Chemical Society
140
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 3月 14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学
  • コロイド化学および表面化学

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