We investigate nonmagnetic impurity effects in two-band superconductors, focusing on the effects of interband impurity scatterings. Within the Born approximation, it is known that interband scatterings mix order parameters in the two bands. In particular, only one averaged energy gap appears in the excitation spectrum in the dirty limit [G. Gusman: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 28 (1967) 2327]. In this paper, we take into account the interband scattering within the t-matrix approximation beyond the Born approximation in the previous work. We show that, although the interband scattering is responsible for the mixing effect, this effect becomes weak when the interband scattering becomes very strong. In the strong interband scattering limit, a two-gap structure corresponding to two order parameters recovers in the superconducting density of states. We also show that a bound state appears around a nonmagnetic impurity depending on the phase of interband scattering potential.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)