Brain–machine interfaces for rehabilitation of poststroke hemiplegia

J. Ushiba, S. R. Soekadar

研究成果: Chapter

25 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Noninvasive brain–machine interfaces (BMIs) are typically associated with neuroprosthetic applications or communication aids developed to assist in daily life after loss of motor function, eg, in severe paralysis. However, BMI technology has recently been found to be a powerful tool to promote neural plasticity facilitating motor recovery after brain damage, eg, due to stroke or trauma. In such BMI paradigms, motor cortical output and input are simultaneously activated, for instance by translating motor cortical activity associated with the attempt to move the paralyzed fingers into actual exoskeleton-driven finger movements, resulting in contingent visual and somatosensory feedback. Here, we describe the rationale and basic principles underlying such BMI motor rehabilitation paradigms and review recent studies that provide new insights into BMI-related neural plasticity and reorganization. Current challenges in clinical implementation and the broader use of BMI technology in stroke neurorehabilitation are discussed.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルProgress in Brain Research
出版社Elsevier B.V.
ページ163-183
ページ数21
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016

出版物シリーズ

名前Progress in Brain Research
228
ISSN(印刷版)0079-6123
ISSN(電子版)1875-7855

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経科学(全般)

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