Carbon taxation using LCCO 2 and LCC for clean energy vehicles

Tomomi Nonaka, Masaru Nakano

研究成果: Article

4 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

The paper proposes a carbon taxation scheme using life cycle assessment (LCA) for clean energy vehicles (CEVs). This taxation scheme can enable to be discussed tax amount, tax revenue and total CO 2 emissions by changing the scenarios and parameters, such as: technology development, energy price and total driving distance. The authors figure out the tax rate 28.05[JPY/kg-CO 2], which makes the hybrid electric vehicle's life cycle cost (LCC) less than that of conventional gasoline vehicles. The simulation results show that LCC after taxation of electric vehicles (EVs) have lowest total cost when battery cost is 0.14 times the 2007 cost and have lower total cost than that of GVs when driven more than 221,600 km. In addition, EVs have lowest emissions when driven more than 63,000 km considered CO 2 emissions in the manufacturing phase, and it is expected that elders who drive shorter distances are best suited for hybrid electric vehicles and gasoline vehicles not electric vehicles considering LCCO 2. The proposed tax system can provide consumers with an incentive to choose vehicles with lower CO 2 emissions.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)4024-4033
ページ数10
ジャーナルNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
77
発行部数783
出版物ステータスPublished - 2011
外部発表Yes

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Taxation
Life cycle
Carbon
Electric vehicles
Costs
Hybrid vehicles
Gasoline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

これを引用

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abstract = "The paper proposes a carbon taxation scheme using life cycle assessment (LCA) for clean energy vehicles (CEVs). This taxation scheme can enable to be discussed tax amount, tax revenue and total CO 2 emissions by changing the scenarios and parameters, such as: technology development, energy price and total driving distance. The authors figure out the tax rate 28.05[JPY/kg-CO 2], which makes the hybrid electric vehicle's life cycle cost (LCC) less than that of conventional gasoline vehicles. The simulation results show that LCC after taxation of electric vehicles (EVs) have lowest total cost when battery cost is 0.14 times the 2007 cost and have lower total cost than that of GVs when driven more than 221,600 km. In addition, EVs have lowest emissions when driven more than 63,000 km considered CO 2 emissions in the manufacturing phase, and it is expected that elders who drive shorter distances are best suited for hybrid electric vehicles and gasoline vehicles not electric vehicles considering LCCO 2. The proposed tax system can provide consumers with an incentive to choose vehicles with lower CO 2 emissions.",
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AU - Nakano, Masaru

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KW - Automobile

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KW - Environmental conscious design

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KW - Life cycle assessment

KW - Production system

KW - Social system design

KW - Sustainable manufacturing

KW - System analysis

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