Purpose: Cefmetazole (CMZ) has received attention as a pharmaceutical intervention for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) infections. This study aimed to investigate the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) characteristics of CMZ against ESBL-EC. Methods: The susceptibility and time-killing activity of CMZ against clinically isolated ESBL-EC (EC9 and EC19) were determined in vitro. The optimal PK/PD index and its target value were calculated based on the results of a PK study in healthy mice and PD study in neutropenic murine thigh infection model mice. Results: The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of CMZ against EC9 and EC19 were 2.0 and 1.0 µg/mL, respectively. Time–kill studies showed that colony-forming units decreased in a time-dependent manner at CMZ concentrations in the range of 4–64 × MIC. In in vivo PK/PD studies, the antibacterial effect of CMZ showed the better correlation with the time that the free drug concentration remaining above the MIC (fT>MIC), with the target values for a static effect and 1 log10 kill reduction calculated as 57.6% and 69.6%, respectively. Conclusion: CMZ possesses time-dependent bactericidal activities against ESBL-EC and is required to achieve “fT>MIC” ≥ 69.6% for the treatment of ESBL-EC infections.
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