Background: Perioperative cerebral infarction is one of the concerning complications after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients with aortic stenosis. Several studies have reported on this complication; however, those included only Caucasians and analyzed a small number of cases. Here, we report on the characteristics and risk factors of symptomatic cerebral infarction after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in a single, high-volume center in Japan. Methods: We included 308 consecutive patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation in our facility between 2013 and 2016. We retrospectively analyzed the occurrence, characteristics, and prognoses of symptomatic cerebral infarction within 7 days after the procedure and statistically compared the risk factors between patients with or without cerebral infarction. Results: Five patients (1.6%) suffered from symptomatic cerebral infarction, which was usually recognized just after the procedure, with mild symptoms. Long-term prognoses tended to be good unless other factors influenced disability. Comorbidities, such as carotid artery stenosis and peripheral artery disease, were significantly higher in patients with cerebral infarction (P =. 036 and. 002, respectively); in addition, coronary artery disease and longer anesthesia duration (indicating challenging catheter procedures) tended to be associated with cerebral infarction (P =. 080 and. 069, respectively). Conclusions: Symptomatic cerebral infarction occurred in 1.6% of patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in a single, high-volume center in Japan; the infarctions were of mild severity tending toward good long-term prognoses. We speculate arterial embolism from atherosclerotic large arteries, especially from the aortic arch, during catheter procedures might be the mechanistic basis of cerebral infarction.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2019 12|
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