Emphysema is a major pathological change in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the annual changes in the progression of emphysematous have not been investigated. We aimed to determine possible baseline predicting factors of the change in emphysematous progression in a subgroup of COPD patients who demonstrated rapid progression. In this observational study, we analyzed patients with COPD who were followed up by computed tomography (CT) at least two times over a 3-year period (n = 217). We divided the annual change in the low attenuation area percentage (LAA%) into quartiles and defined a rapid progression group (n = 54) and a non-progression group (n = 163). Predictors of future changes in emphysematous progression differed from predictors of high LAA% at baseline. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, low blood eosinophilic count (odds ratio [OR], 3.22; P = 0.04) and having osteoporosis (OR, 2.13; P = 0.03) were related to rapid changes in emphysematous progression. There was no difference in baseline nutritional parameters, but nutritional parameters deteriorated in parallel with changes in emphysematous progression. Herein, we clarified the predictors of changes in emphysematous progression and concomitant deterioration of nutritional status in COPD patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas