Caffeic acid β-phenethyl ester (CAPE), an antioxidative bioactive catechol isolated from propolis, was semisynthesized from chlorogenic acid and related compounds in an extract of raw (unroasted) Robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) beans in 5 steps and a total yield of 31%. Oxidative degradation of the intermediates and target molecule was prevented by alkaline hydrolysis of the chlorogenic acids in the presence of sodium dithionite (Na2S2O4) and deprotection of the catecholic diacetate precursor by Candida antarctica lipase B-mediated transesterification as the final step.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry