A polymorphism in the gene for cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) has been reported to be associated with serum cholesterol levels and risk for atherosclerotic vascular diseases, and to clarify the relationship between the gene polymorphism for CETP and macroangiopathy in diabetes mellitus, a cross-sectional study was performed. The subjects of the study were182 Japanese (age: 59.6±8.6 years) with type 2 diabetes and no signs of renal dysfunction, 24 of whom had macroangiopathy, and 158 of whom did not. The genotype of the subjects for the TaqIB polymorphism of CETP in intron one was analyzed by using polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism. Serum CETP levels were significantly higher in the B1/B1 genotype than in the other genotypes (P<0.05). The serum CETP levels were correlated with the serum LDL cholesterol levels (P<0.01), but not with the HDL cholesterol levels. Macroangiopathy was more frequently observed in subjects with the B1/B1 genotype than in the other genotypes (odds ratio=2.953, 95% confidence interval=1.250-6.977, P=0.0136). Logistic regression analysis revealed that the CETP genotype was independently associated with macroangiopathy. The exact mechanism underlying the association remains unknown, but differences in serum CETP levels may be involved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas