Chronic effects of different fatty acids and leptin in INS-1 cells

Toshihide Kawai, Hiroshi Hirose, Yoshiko Seto, Haruhisa Fujita, Takao Saruta

研究成果: Article査読

21 被引用数 (Scopus)


The effects of long-term exposure of a pancreatic beta cell line, INS-1, to major free fatty acids (FFA; palmitic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid) and leptin on insulin secretion and cell viability by C,N-diphenyl-N′-4,5 dimethyl thiazol 2-yl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay were examined. The cells were incubated with 1 mmol/l of each FFA and 25 or 100 ng/ml leptin, alone or in combination, for 4, 24 or 48 h before the insulin secretion experiments. Palmitic acid (C 16:0) significantly suppressed cell viability, and suppressed insulin secretion at 24 h. Treatment with oleic acid (C 18:1) or linoleic acid (C 18:2) enhanced basal insulin secretion and diminished glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) at 48 h. In these groups, there were no differences in cell viability as compared to cells treated without FFA. Leptin did not affect insulin secretion at 4, 24 and 48 h, and in the cells co-treated with FFA and leptin, leptin did not ameliorate lipotoxicity. These results suggest that, in INS-1 cells, different FFA have different patterns of lipotoxicity with chronic exposure, and leptin has little direct effect on insulin secretion.

ジャーナルDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
出版ステータスPublished - 2001 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 内科学
  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 内分泌学


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