Clinical Benefits of Preconditioning Intervention in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Who Underwent Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Kanto Study of Group for Cell Therapy Multicenter Analysis

Kanto Study Group for Cell Therapy (KSGCT)

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

A multicenter retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the clinical significance of preconditioning intervention (PCI) before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) not in remission. The study cohort consisted of 519 patients classified according to the intensity (intensive/moderate) of PCI and their response to PCI. The group treated with PCI had higher blast counts in the peripheral blood (PB) and had a lower overall survival (OS) rate (P < .001) and higher nonrelapse mortality (NRM) rate (P = .035) compared with those without PCI (no PCI group). Approximately 40% of the patients (68 of 236) achieved a good response to PCI (good PCI group), and those patients had lower blast counts in the PB compared with the group with poor response to PCI (poor PCI group). OS in the good PCI group was comparable to that in the no PCI group and significantly better than that in the poor PCI group (hazard ratio, .54; 95% confidence interval, .39 to .77; P < .001). However, OS was significantly lower in patients with intensive/moderate PCI compared with the no PCI group. These results suggest that PCI increases NRM without decreasing the post-transplantation relapse rate, but may be beneficial for patients with lower blast counts in PB irrespective of its intensity.

本文言語English
ジャーナルBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
DOI
出版ステータスAccepted/In press - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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