Cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (PORD) is a disorder of steroidogenesis that causes various symptoms such as skeletal malformations, disorders of sex development, and adrenal insufficiency. The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical characteristics, especially age at diagnosis and treatment, of PORD from the perinatal period to adulthood in Japan. The first questionnaire was sent to 183 council members of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology on 1 September 2018. The response rate was 65%, and a total of 39 patients with PORD were examined at 20 hospitals. The second questionnaire was sent in November 2018 to the council members examining these 39 patients with PORD. The response rate was 77%, and we received clinical information on 30 of the 39 patients. The two novel clinical findings were the age at diagnosis and the treatment of Japanese patients with PORD. In many cases, PORD can be diagnosed at <3 months of age. Hydrocortisone as the primary treatment during infancy can be used daily or in stressful situations; however, because patients with PORD generally have mild to moderate adrenal insufficiency, some might be able to avoid hydrocortisone treatment. Patients with PORD should be carefully followed up, and treatment should be optimized as for patients with other types of adrenal insufficiency. Other characteristics in the present study were similar to those described in previous reports.
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