Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and a High OP Index: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study (JOSL Study)

Takashi Hirai, Toshitaka Yoshii, Jun Hashimoto, Shuta Ushio, Kanji Mori, Satoshi Maki, Keiichi Katsumi, Narihito Nagoshi, Kazuhiro Takeuchi, Takeo Furuya, Kei Watanabe, Norihiro Nishida, Soraya Nishimura, Kota Watanabe, Takashi Kaito, Satoshi Kato, Katsuya Nagashima, Masao Koda, Hiroaki Nakashima, Shiro ImagamaKazuma Murata, Yuji Matsuoka, Kanichiro Wada, Atsushi Kimura, Tetsuro Ohba, Hiroyuki Katoh, Masahiko Watanabe, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Hiroshi Ozawa, Hirotaka Haro, Katsushi Takeshita, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Satoru Egawa, Yu Matsukura, Hiroyuki Inose, Atsushi Okawa, Masashi Yamazaki, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Background: The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical features of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and extreme ossification at multiple sites. Methods: This prospective study involved patients with a diagnosis of cervical OPLL at 16 institutions in Japan. Patient-reported outcome measures, including responses on the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOA-CMEQ), JOA Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOA-BPEQ), and visual analog scale pain score, were collected to investigate clinical status. In each patient, the sum of the levels at which OPLL was located (OP index) was evaluated on whole-spine computed tomography, along with ossification of other spinal ligaments including the anterior longitudinal ligament (OALL), ligament flavum (OLF), supra-and intraspinous ligaments (SSL), and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). The distribution of OP index values in the study population was investigated, and the clinical and radiologic characteristics of patients in the top 10% were assessed. Results: In total, 236 patients (163 male, 73 female; mean age 63.5 years) were enrolled. Twenty-five patients with OP index ≥ 17 were categorized into a high OP index group and the remainder into a moderate/low OP index group. There were significantly more women in the high OP index group. Patients in the high OP index group also had significantly poorer scores for lower extremity function and quality of life on the JOA-CMEQ and in each domain but not for body pain on the JOA-BPEQ compared with those in the moderate/low OP index group. Patients in the high OP index group had more OALL in the cervical spine and more OLF and SSL in the thoracic spine. The prevalence of DISH was also significantly higher in the high OP index group. In the high OP index group, interestingly, OPLL was likely to be present adjacent to DISH in the cervicothoracic and thoracolumbar spine, especially in men, and often coexisted with DISH in the thoracic spine in women. Conclusion: This prospective cohort registry study is the first to demonstrate the clinical and radiologic features of patients with OPLL and a high OP index. In this study, patients with a high OP index had poorer physical function in the lumbar spine and lower extremities and were also predisposed to extreme ossification of spinal ligaments other than the OPLL.

本文言語English
論文番号3694
ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Medicine
11
13
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 7月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学(全般)

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