Objectives: Recent studies have shown that the high affinity of mesothelin-CA125 interaction might cause intracavitary tumor metastasis. We examined the clinicopathologic significance and prognostic implication of mesothelin and CA125 expression in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Methods: Tissue samples from 66 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas were immunohistochemically examined. Proportion and intensity of constituent tumor cells with mesothelin and CA125 expression were analyzed and classified as high-level expression, defined as expression by more than 50% of tumor cells and/or moderate to strong staining, or low-level expression otherwise. Results: A high level of mesothelin was correlated with a higher histological grade (P = 0.049) and the level of blood vessel permeation (P = 0.0006), whereas a high level of CA125 expression was correlated with a higher recurrence rate (P = 0.015). The expression of mesothelin was strongly correlated with that of CA125 (P = 0.0041). Co-expression of mesothelin and CA125 were associated with an unfavorable patient outcome (P = 0.0062). Conclusions: This is the first report showing that co-expression of mesothelin and CA125 were in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and such co-expression is associated with a poor prognosis. Our finding suggests that co-expression of these two factors plays a significant role in the acquisition of aggressive clinical behavior.
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