Small ruptured cerebral aneurysms, such as those of 2×3 mm diameter, are considered to be difficult to embolize by detachable coils because of the risk of procedural perforation of the aneurysms. We have treated these small aneurysms and report the techniques and pitfalls of these embolizations. Twenty-four patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms of 2×3 mm diameter were intended for treatment by coil embolization. Before coil embolization, three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography was performed, and the simulation of the volume embolization ratio (VER) was performed in all patients, except for the first basilar artery aneurysm patient. The tip of the microcatheter was steam-shaped several times and was placed on the neck of the aneurysm. A balloon neck remodeling technique was used for two aneurysms. GDC 10 softs and soft SRs were used for the first ten aneurysms, and Ultrasofts were used for the last eleven aneurysms. Out of twenty-four aneurysm embolizations, we aborted the procedure in three cases, because of a failure in catheterization; we performed clipping surgery for these cases. For the first case of a basilar tip aneurysm, the aneurysm was perforated, due to the use of too long a coil and the insertion of the tip of the microcatheter into the aneurysmal dome. Minor infarction occurred in one patient. The mean VER was 33.9%, and two aneurysms recanalized, and out of these one needed a second embolization. Six months postoperatively, 81% of patients had made in a good recovery or had a moderate disability. We recommend the following techniques to embolize aneurysms of 2×3 mm diameter: the tip of the microcatheter should be stabilized on the aneurysmal neck by steam shaping of the microcatheter, GDC 10 soft and Ultrasoft should be selected for use, and the simulation of the VER should be performed before embolization to select coils of a suitable length.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2006 1|
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