After repair of a fractured zygoma, the fixed zygoma occasionally becomes displaced. This phenomenon -generally called ''relapse'' -is a complication that can be prevented by fixing plural sites with plates. However, this impairs blood supply to the bone, which causes atrophy. To solve this dilemma, we developed a new concept for fixing the zygoma. Fractured zygomas are fixed by combining plate fixation at a single site with transmalar fixation with Kirschner wires. This secures stability of the fixed zygoma without impairing its blood supply. We evaluated the stability of fractured zygomas fixed by our method by doing dynamic experiments using simulation models. The stresses at the screw-bone interfaces were significantly reduced by the additional transmalar fixation with wire, indicating that zygomas fixed by our method are less likely to relapse than zygomas fixed with a single plate. We also reviewed the outcomes of patients treated by our method, which indicates its clinical usefulness.
|ジャーナル||Scandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2009|
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