Combined use of ante- and retrograde cardioplegia: limited efficacy in elective coronary artery bypass

K. Hashimoto, K. Onoguchi, T. Sasaki, T. Hachiya, H. Takakura, M. Oshiumi, S. Takeuchi

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

One Hundred and twenty-four patients undergoing elective coronary bypass surgery were retrospectively selected and divided into two groups according to their difference of cardioplegic methods, either antegrade (AC) only (n = 65) or combination of ante- and retrograde (AC + RC) cardioplegic delivery (n = 64). Myocardial blood flow in the right (RV) and left ventricles (LV) was measured during the cardioplegia by a laser Doppler. Peak CPK-MB levels were compared postoperatively between the two groups and more in detail according to extent of coronary obstructive disease. 1) The antegrade administration of cardioplegic solution provided preferential flow to the RV compared to the LV, whereas the retrograde administration resulted in the opposite result (AC; LV 6.9 +/- 4.7, RV: 8.6 +/- 5.3, p < 0.05, RC; LV: 9.0 +/- 4.9, RV: 5.9 +/- 4.6 ml/min/100 g, p < 0.05). This result suggested that the combination of both administrations was meaningful to obtain uniform distribution of cardioplegic solution. 2) The peak CPK-MB, compared in the entire two groups, was slightly low in the combination use (AC; 48 +/- 16, AC + RC; 43 +/- 15 IU/l, p = 0.08), but the clinical meaning did not exist. However, in the severe cases, which involved two of following criteria (left main disease, severe occlusion of left or right coronary), the max CPK-MB level was statistically decreased by the combined use of ante- and retrograde cardioplegia (AC; 50 +/- 16, AC + RC; 40 +/- 12 IU/l, p < 0.05). We concluded that the merit of combined use was limited to the cases with severely extended coronary obstructive disease.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1105-1109
ページ数5
ジャーナルKyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
53
13
出版ステータスPublished - 2000 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学(全般)

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