Study Design: Retrospective multicenter study. Objectives: To compare the selective anterior spinal fusion (ASF) versus posterior spinal fusion (PSF) on postoperative pulmonary function testing (PFT) whether thoracotomy with separation of the diaphragm by anterior approach influences the PFT in thoracolumbar and lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods: A multicenter series of AIS patients who underwent selective spinal fusion were retrospectively reviewed. Seventy-nine female patients were included (mean 15.8 years). There were 35 patients in the ASF group and 44 patients in the PSF group. Patient demographics, radiographic measurements, and PFT data from preoperative to 2-year follow-up were analyzed. Results: Preoperatively, there were no significant differences in PFTs between the groups. The ASF group patients were more likely to undergo shorter fusions (4.5 instrumented vertebral levels) than those in the PSF group (5.2 levels). At 2-year follow-up, forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) in ASF group were statistically lower than those in PSF group. When comparing preoperative and 2-year changes on each procedure, only %FVC showed significant difference in ASF while FVC, FEV1, and %FEV1 did not. Meanwhile, the ASF group showed a significant decrease in FVC at 6 and 12 months compared to preoperative values. In PSF group, there was a decrease at 6 months, returned to preoperative value at 1-year follow-up. Conclusions: Pulmonary function after ASF and PSF was similar at 2 years; however, anterior group did not return to the baseline at 6 months and 1 year suggesting anterior approach may affect early postoperative pulmonary function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Clinical Neurology