Compensation for birefringence of oriented polymers by random copolymerization method

Shuichi Iwata, Hisashi Tsukahara, Eisuke Nihei, Yasuhiro Koike

研究成果: Article査読

51 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Birefringence is caused by orientation of polymer chains during injection molding or extrusion, and is a large obstacle to optical applications. Transparent zero-birefringence copolymers were successfully synthesized by randomly copolymerizing two monomers having positive and negative birefringence, respectively. Since the anisotropic polarization of the negative birefringent monomer units is compensated by the positive birefringent monomer units on the same polymer chain, the birefringence is compensated on the length scale of only several monomer units and becomes zero for any degree of orientation. Methyl methacrylate (MMA) was used as the negative birefringent monomer, and 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate (3FMA) as the positive birefringent monomer. Poly(MMA-co-3FMA) copolymer synthesized with a composition of MMA/3FMA=45/55 (wt./wt.) showed no birefringence for any draw ratio when a sample film was uniaxially heat-drawn to 3.5 times its original length. The total scattering loss of the zero-birefringence copolymer was 65.9 dB/km, which is comparable to those of homopolymers.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3896-3901
ページ数6
ジャーナルJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
35
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1996 7月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 工学(全般)
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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