Background: Computed tomography during arterial portography (CTAP) under temporary balloon occlusion of the hepatic artery (BOHA-CTAP) was introduced to evaluate pseudolesions caused by portal venous impairments such as arterioportal shunt and tumor thrombus. Methods: BOHA-CTAP was performed in seven patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and correlated with clinical outcomes. For patients with wedge-shaped defects suggestive of pseudolesions, BOHA-CTAP was obtained by a 5-F balloon occlusion catheter into the proper hepatic artery through the second 5-F introducer inserted into the common femoral artery a few centimeters below the first 5-F sheath for CTAP. Results: Eight pseudolesions were determined clinically on follow-up CT, ultrasonography, or magnetic resonance imagings. On BOHA-CTAP, five of the eight pseudolesions were eliminated, and two were diminished in comparision with conventional CTAP. One wedge-shaped defect due to tumor thrombus in the portal vein did not show any change. Conclusion: BOHA-CTAP can reduce pseudolesions caused by portal venous impairments and enable the demarcation of the true tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging