Congestion-free ant traffic: Jam absorption mechanism in multiple platoons

Prafull Kasture, Hidekazu Nishimura

研究成果: Article査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In this paper, an agent-based model of ant traffic on a unidirectional single-lane ant trail is presented to provide better understanding of the jam-free traffic of an ant colony. On a trail, the average velocity of ants remains approximately constant irrespective of density, thereby avoiding jamming. Assuming chemotaxis, we analyze platoon-related scenarios to assess the marching-platoon hypothesis, which claims that ants on a trail form a single platoon in which they march synchronously, thereby reducing hindrances due to increasing density. Contrary to that hypothesis, our findings show that ants on a trail do not march synchronously and do experience stop-and-go motion. However, more interestingly, our study also indicates that the ants' chemotaxis behavior leads to a peculiar jam absorption mechanism, which helps to maintain free flow on a trail and avoids jamming. Again, contrary to the marching-platoon hypothesis, our findings also indicate that, rather than assisting traffic flow, forming a single cluster actually triggers jamming.

本文言語English
論文番号2918
ジャーナルApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
9
14
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 7月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 器械工学
  • 工学(全般)
  • プロセス化学およびプロセス工学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 流体および伝熱

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