We study interfacial topological defects called boojums, a vortex ending or a connecting point of two kinds of vortex cores, in rotating two-component Bose-Einstein condensates. First, we show that the boojum exists at a vortex ending that connects to the interface of the strongly phase-separated condensates. Next, we study various boojums appearing between two phases characterized by different vortex structures, where the intercomponent s-wave scattering lengths are spatially varied. Using three-dimensional simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii equations, we reveal the detailed structure of the boojums by visualizing its density distribution and effective superflow vorticity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics