Contrast‐enhanced MR imaging of diffuse and focal splenic disease with use of magnetic starch microspheres

Burkhard P. Kreft, Akihiro Tanimoto, Susan Leffler, J. Paul Finn, Audun N. Øksendal, David D. Stark

研究成果: Article査読

14 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The diagnostic value of magnetic starch microspheres (MSM), a new superparamagnetic contrast agent, was studied in experimental models of diffuse and focal splenic disease in rats by means of ex vivo relaxometry and in vivo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Owing to small differences in unenhanced T1 and T2 values between diffuse lymphoma and normal spleen, MR imaging failed to distinguish tumor‐bearing animals from control animals by signal‐to‐noise ratios (SNRs) obtained with T1‐ and T2‐weighted spin‐echo sequences. One hour after injection of 20 μmol/kg MSM, lymphomatous spleen showed significantly (P <.001) reduced enhancement relative to normal splenic tissue. As a result, animals with diffuse lymphoma (SNR: 10.3 ± 1.7) could be easily differentiated from control animals (SNR: 5.5 ± 0.6) on T2‐weighted (TR msec/TE msec = 2,000/45) images. In focal splenic disease, MSM produced normal enhancement of nontumorous splenic tissue, whereas relaxation times of tumors were not different before and after contrast agent injection. On T2‐weighted images (2,000/45), the tumor‐spleen contrast‐to‐noise ratio increased from (4.8 ± 1.6 to 21.8 ± 1.9 +354%), improving conspicuity of splenic tumors. The results show that MSM‐enhanced MR imaging improves the detection of diffuse and focal splenic disease.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)373-379
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
4
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 放射線学、核医学およびイメージング

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