Controlled Terahertz Birefringence in Stretched Poly(lactic acid) Films Investigated by Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy and Wide-Angle X-ray Scattering

Hotsumi Iwasaki, Madoka Nakamura, Nozomu Komatsubara, Makoto Okano, Masayoshi Nakasako, Harumi Sato, Shinichi Watanabe

研究成果: Article査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We report a correlation between the dielectric property and structure of stretched poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films, revealed by polarization-sensitive terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and two-dimensional (2D) wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS). The experiments evidence that the dielectric function of the PLA film becomes more anisotropic with increasing draw ratio (DR). This behavior is explained by a classical Lorentz oscillator model assuming polarization-dependent absorption. The birefringence can be systematically altered from 0 to 0.13 by controlling DR. The combination of terahertz spectroscopy and 2D WAXS measurement reveals a clear correlation between the birefringence in the terahertz frequency domain and the degree of orientation of the PLA molecular chains. These findings imply that the birefringence is a result of the orientation of the PLA chains with anisotropic macromolecular vibration modes. Because of a good controllability of the birefringence, polymer-based materials will provide an attractive materials system for phase retarders in the terahertz frequency range.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)6951-6957
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Physical Chemistry B
121
28
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 7 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • 材料化学

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