A relationship between the structure and water purifying ability of waste glass prepared from household garbage and Fe2O3 was examined by 57Fe-Mössbauer and induced coupled plasma (ICP) measurements. From the Debye temperature of waste glass, FeII proved to be loosely bound in the glass network as a network modifier. Dissolution amount of FeIII into artificial drain can be controlled from 0.14 to 0.35 mg/l by changing the Fe2O3 content. It proved that chemical oxygen demand (COD) decreases in proportion to the content of Fe III, indicating that iron causes decomposition of organic and phosphorus compounds.
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