Abstract Four alkaloids, voacangine (1), isovoacangine (2), coronaridine (3), and coronaridine hydroxyindolenine (4), were isolated from the MeOH extract of Tabernaemontana divaricata aerial parts by activity-guided fractionation for Wnt signal inhibitory activity. Compounds 1-4 exhibited TCF/β-catenin inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 11.5, 6.0, 5.8, and 7.3 μM, respectively. Of these, coronaridine (3) decreased β-catenin levels in SW480 colon cancer cells, while this decrease in β-catenin was not suppressed by a co-treatment with 3 and MG132, a proteasome inhibitor. These results suggested that the decrease observed in β-catenin levels by coronaridine (3) did not depend on a proteasomal degradation process. On the other hand, the treatment of SW480 cells with coronaridine (3) caused a decrease in β-catenin mRNA levels. Thus, coronaridine (3) may inhibit the Wnt signaling pathway by decreasing the mRNA expression of β-catenin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas