Cost reduction associated with transradial access in percutaneous coronary intervention: A report from a Japanese nationwide registry

Satoshi Shoji, Shun Kohsaka, Hiraku Kumamaru, Kyohei Yamaji, Shiori Nishimura, Hideki Ishii, Tetsuya Amano, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hiroaki Miyata, Yuji Ikari

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is increasingly performed via transradial access (TRA). This study aimed to investigate the clinical and economic benefits of TRA compared with transfemoral access (TFA) under universal healthcare coverage system in Japan. Methods: A total of 36,153 patients (acute coronary syndrome [ACS], 15,266; stable ischemic heart disease [SIHD], 20,052) across 714 institutions in the Japanese nationwide PCI registry (J-PCI) in 2015 were analyzed (mean age 69.9 ± 11.1 years and 23.6% female). Cost was defined as the total amount of healthcare resources used to care for the patient during hospitalization. Propensity score matching analysis was conducted to balance the baseline characteristics of patients undergoing TRA and TFA. Findings: The median total cost of PCI was JPY 1,341,176 (interquartile range, 959,052), with higher expenses for ACS (JPY 1,772,116 [1,117,107]) compared with SIHD (JPY 1,119,153 [540,440]) patients. Most patients underwent PCI via TRA (73.8%), and after propensity score matching, TRA was associated with a reduced risk of in-hospital death and bleeding (0.88% vs. 1.91% [P < 0.0001] and 2.18% vs. 4.53% [P < 0.0001] in ACS, and 0.10% vs. 0.28% [P = 0.070] and 0.53% vs. 1.72% [P < 0.0001] in SIHD, respectively), which led to lower costs in both ACS (JPY 1,699,279 [1,164,554] for TRA vs. JPY 1,931,255 [1,070,222] for TFA; P < 0.0001), and SIHD (JPY 1,102,352 [505,904] for TRA vs. JPY 1,311,525 [706,450] for TFA; P < 0.0001) patients. Interpretation: In this direct cost analysis of a nationwide registry, the use of TRA was associated with cost saving for both ACS and SIHD patients. Funding: This study was funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (grant nos. 20H03915, 16H05215, 16KK0186, 20K22883, and 21K08064), Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development [AMED] (grant number 16lk1010004h0002), and the National Clinical Database. The J-PCI registry is led and supported by the Japanese Association of Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics.

本文言語English
論文番号100555
ジャーナルThe Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific
28
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 11月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 内科学
  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 健康政策
  • 産婦人科学
  • 公衆衛生学、環境および労働衛生
  • 老年医学
  • 精神医学および精神衛生
  • 感染症

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