A point mutation (V617F) of tyrosine kinase Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) is found in the majority of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and an aberrant signaling pathway induced by constitutively active JAK2 V617F mutant is a hallmark of MPNs. Cells transformed by JAK2 V617F mutant exhibited resistance to anti-cancer drugs such as cisplatin (CDDP), mitomycin C (MMC) and bleomycin (BLM). We first found that the expression of FANCC, a member of the Fanconi anemia (FA) proteins, was significantly induced by JAK2 V617F mutant through activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 5 (STAT5). In addition, monoubiqitination and foci formation of FANCD2, which are critical for activation of the FA pathway, were increased in cells transformed by JAK2 V617F mutant, compared to cells expressing wild-type JAK2. Interestingly, knockdown of FANCC in cells expressing JAK2 V617F mutant induced not only the reduction of monoubiqitination and foci formation of FANCD2 but also the enhancement of sensitivity to DNA damage induced by CDDP and MMC but not BLM. Taken together, FANCC is most likely to be critical for resistance to DNA cross-linking drug-induced DNA damage in cells transformed by JAK2 V617F mutant.
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