Formation and growth of ionic semiclathrate hydrate crystals on the surface of a liquid droplet of tetra-n-butylammonium bromide (TBAB) aqueous solution exposed to CO2 gas have been visually observed. Experiments were conducted at a temperature range between 280 and 290 K under the pressure of 2.3 MPa at wTBAB = 0.10 and wTBAB = 0.40, where wTBAB is defined as the mass fraction of TBAB in the aqueous solution. It was found that the hydrate crystals initially grew in the liquid phase, instead of growing at the gas/liquid interface. Then the hydrate grew to form a polycrystalline film covering the droplet only at wTBAB = 0.40. The individual crystals that constitute the polycrystalline hydrate film were observed, and the morphology was classified according to the system subcooling ΔTsub (ΔTsub ≡ Teq - Tex, where Teq is the equilibrium temperature and Tex is the experimental temperature). In all ΔTsub at wTBAB = 0.40, hydrate crystals with step-shaped and thin polygonal-shaped morphologies were observed. The difference in the size of the individual hydrate crystals due to the difference in ΔTsub was not observed. (Figure Presented).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)