Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the only curative treatment for chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML); however, factors predicting allo-HSCT outcomes for CMML have not been well defined. This study assessed whether the existing five scoring systems for CMML prognosis could be applied for predicting allo-HSCT outcomes. We retrospectively evaluated 38 patients who underwent allo-HSCT for CMML from 2000 to 2014. At 3 years, overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival were 34.6 and 24.7%, respectively. According to the risk stratification at the time of transplantation, only the CMML-specific cytogenetic risk scoring system could successfully predict transplantation outcomes. At 3 years, OS was 56.7, 12.5, and 0% (p =.01) in the low, intermediate, and high-risk groups. Our data suggest that the CMML-specific cytogenetic risk stratification at transplant may be useful for identifying patients with CMML who may benefit from HSCT. However, further studies are warranted to confirm this observation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research