Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the only curative treatment for chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML); however, factors predicting allo-HSCT outcomes for CMML have not been well defined. This study assessed whether the existing five scoring systems for CMML prognosis could be applied for predicting allo-HSCT outcomes. We retrospectively evaluated 38 patients who underwent allo-HSCT for CMML from 2000 to 2014. At 3 years, overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival were 34.6 and 24.7%, respectively. According to the risk stratification at the time of transplantation, only the CMML-specific cytogenetic risk scoring system could successfully predict transplantation outcomes. At 3 years, OS was 56.7, 12.5, and 0% (p =.01) in the low, intermediate, and high-risk groups. Our data suggest that the CMML-specific cytogenetic risk stratification at transplant may be useful for identifying patients with CMML who may benefit from HSCT. However, further studies are warranted to confirm this observation.
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