DC-STAMP is essential for cell-cell fusion in osteoclasts and foreign body giant cells

Mitsuru Yagi, Takeshi Miyamoto, Yumi Sawatani, Katsuya Iwamoto, Naobumi Hosogane, Nobuyuki Fujita, Kozo Morita, Ken Ninomiya, Toru Suzuki, Kana Miyamoto, Yuichi Oike, Motohiro Takeya, Yoshiaki Toyama, Toshio Suda

研究成果: Article査読

600 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing cells that play a pivotal role in bone remodeling. Osteoclasts form large multinuclear giant cells by fusion of mononuclear osteoclasts. How cell fusion is mediated, however, is unclear. We identify the dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP), a putative seven-transmembrane protein, by a DNA subtraction screen between multinuclear osteoclasts and mononuclear macrophages. DC-STAMP is highly expressed in osteoclasts but not in macrophages. DC-STAMP-deficient mice were generated, and osteoclast cell fusion was completely abrogated in homozygotes despite normal expression of osteoclast markers and cytoskeletal structure. As osteoclast multinucleation was restored by retroviral introduction of DC-STAMP , loss of cell fusion was directly attributable to a lack of DC-STAMP. Defects in osteoclast multinucleation reduce bone-resorbing activity, leading to osteopetrosis. Similar to osteoclasts, foreign body giant cell formation by macrophage cell fusion was also completely abrogated in DC-STAMP-deficient mice. We have thus identified an essential regulator of osteoclast and macrophage cell fusion, DC-STAMP, and an essential role of osteoclast multinucleation in bone homeostasis. JEM

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)345-351
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Experimental Medicine
202
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 8 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学(全般)

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