Decreased proteasomal activity causes photoreceptor degeneration in mice

Ryo Ando, Kousuke Noda, Utano Tomaru, Mamoru Kamoshita, Yoko Ozawa, Shoji Notomi, Toshio Hisatomi, Mika Noda, Atsuhiro Kanda, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Masanori Kasahara, Susumu Ishida

研究成果: Article

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Purpose: To study the retinal degeneration caused by decreased proteasomal activity in β5t transgenic (β5t-Tg) mice, an animal model of senescence acceleration. Methods: β5t-Tg mice and age-matched littermate control (WT) mice were used. Proteasomal activities and protein level of poly-ubiquitinated protein in retinal extracts were quantified. Fundus images of β5t-Tg mice were taken and their features were assessed. For histologic evaluation, the thicknesses of inner nuclear layer (INL), outer nuclear layer (ONL), and photoreceptor outer segment (OS) were measured. For functional analysis, ERG was recorded under scotopic and photopic illumination conditions. Immunofluorescence (IF) staining and TUNEL were performed to investigate the mechanism of photoreceptor degeneration. Results: Chymotrypsin-like activity was partially suppressed in retinal tissues of β5t-Tg mice. Retinal degenerative changes with arterial attenuation were present in β5t-Tg, but not in WT mice. Inner nuclear layer thickness showed no significant change between β5t-Tg and WT mice at 1, 3, 6, and 9 months of age. By contrast, thicknesses of ONL and OS in β5t-Tg mice were significantly decreased at 3, 6, and 9 months compared with those in WT mice. Electroretinograms showed decrease of scotopic a-wave amplitude in β5t-Tg mice. The number of TUNEL-positive cells in ONL were significantly increased in β5t-Tg mice and colocalized with apoptosis-inducing factor, but not with cleaved caspase-3 and -9, indicating that the photoreceptor cell death was induced via a caspase-independent pathway. Conclusions: The current data showed that impaired proteasomal function causes photoreceptor degeneration.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)4682-4690
ページ数9
ジャーナルInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
55
発行部数7
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2014 7 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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    Ando, R., Noda, K., Tomaru, U., Kamoshita, M., Ozawa, Y., Notomi, S., Hisatomi, T., Noda, M., Kanda, A., Ishibashi, T., Kasahara, M., & Ishida, S. (2014). Decreased proteasomal activity causes photoreceptor degeneration in mice. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 55(7), 4682-4690. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.13-13272