This paper presents an augmented four channel teleoperation architecture with local damping injection, which renders the teleoperation system L 2 stable independentof time delay. It is well known that four channel teleoperation architecture, which is based on the transmission of force and position measurements of both the master and the slave robots, provides perfect transparency, when there is no time delay between the robots.In the presence of delay, four channel systems are not stable and they can not provide transparency. With damping injection, stability is guaranteed independent of the size of the delay, as long as it is constant, and furthermore better transparency with high frequency force feedback can be realized. This is an improvement over conventional methods. As transparency and stability are two conflicting goals, there is a tradeoff that a constant damping is felt in free motion. In this paper stability and transparency analyses are presented and the validity of the method is also confirmed with experiments.
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