Reports on the therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of second- and third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in non-small cell lung cancer patients are limited and are required to improve the safety of EGFR-TKI therapy. Some EGFR-TKIs have active metabolites with similar or higher potency compared with the parent compounds; thus, monitoring the parent compound as well as its active metabolites is essential for truly effective TDM. In this study, we developed and validated a method that simultaneously quantifies second- and third-generation EGFR-TKIs (afatinib, dacomitinib, and osimertinib) and the active metabolites of osimertinib, AZ5104 and AZ7550, in the human serum using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The clinical application of the method was also evaluated. The analytes were extracted from a 100 μL serum sample using a simple protein precipitation method and analyzed using LC-MS/MS. Excellent linearity of calibration curves was observed at ranges of 2.5–125.0 ng/mL for afatinib, 2.5–125.0 ng/mL for dacomitinib, 4.0–800.0 ng/mL for osimertinib, 1.0–125.0 ng/mL for AZ5104, and 2.5–125.0 ng/mL for AZ7550. The precision and accuracy were below 14.9% and within ± 14.9% of the nominal concentrations, respectively. The mean recovery was higher than 94.7% and the coefficient of variation (CV) was lower than 8.3%. The mean internal-standard normalized matrix factors ranged from 94.6 to 111.9%, and the CVs were lower than 9.7%. This analytical method met the acceptance criteria of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration guidelines. The method was also successfully applied to the analysis of 45 clinical samples; it supports the efficient and valuable analysis for TDM investigations of EGFR-TKIs.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2022 5月 30|
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