The asymmetric total synthesis of fasicularin by a chiral Nalkoxyamide strategy is reported. Incorporation of the chiral alkoxy group onto an amide nitrogen changes the original reactivity of the amide, enabling two key transformations: aza-spirocyclization and the reductive Strecker reaction. DFT calculations indicate that pyramidalization of the N-alkoxyamide nitrogen is crucial to produce a cyclic hemiaminal in equilibrium, which undergoes aza-spirocyclization. The chiral alkoxy group is also used as a stereocontrol element to establish two consecutive stereocenters. The iridium-catalyzed reductive Strecker reaction of the N-alkoxylactam provides the aminonitrile with high diastereoselectivity.
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