In this work, a phase-field model for recrystallization is developed based on the conservation laws. There has been no attempt to develop a phase-field model of recrystallization based on the conservation laws, even though various phase-field simulation models to reproduce the recrystallization phenomenon have been proposed. However, it is unclear what conservation laws are required for such a model. In the previous paper, toward solving this problem, we developed conservation laws of mass, momentum, angular momentum, and energy and a law of entropy at the lattice scale for the process of recrystallization. In this paper, first, two continuous variables, i.e., the order parameter and crystal orientation, are introduced into the balance equation of mass for a single phase and that of angular momentum for the lattice, respectively. Next, the fluxes of the order parameter and crystal orientation are derived from the law of entropy by the use of rational thermodynamics. Moreover, the diffusion coefficient and mass source are modeled to derive the evolution equations, i.e., phase-field equations of the order parameter and crystal orientation. Finally, for the phase-field equation of the crystal orientation, neglecting the conservative part and integrating the equation with respect to time under the first-order approximation, a phase-field model that is used for stable calculations is developed. This work aims to develop a phase-field theory on the basis of the change in crystal lattice during recrystallization. This paper gives a physical background to the methodological phase-field approach in the case of recrystallization.
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