Diabetic condition induces hypertrophy and vacuolization in glomerular parietal epithelial cells

Takahisa Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Itaru Yasuda, Hirokazu Muraoka, Hiroyuki Umino, Hirobumi Tokuyama, Akinori Hashiguchi, Shu Wakino, Hiroshi Itoh

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is accompanied by characteristic changes in the glomerulus, but little is known about the effect of diabetes on parietal epithelial cells (PECs). In this study, a descriptive analysis of PECs was undertaken in diabetic db/db mice and in diabetic patients. PEC hypertrophy was significantly more prominent in diabetic mice than in nondiabetic mice, and this was evident even at the early stage. Additionally, the number of vacuoles in PECs was markedly increased in diabetic mice, suggesting the presence of cellular injury in PECs in DN. Although rare, binuclear cells were observed in mice with early diabetes. In cultured PECs, a high glucose condition, compared with normal glucose condition, induced cellular hypertrophy and apoptosis. Flow cytometry showed that some PECs in the G0 phase reentered the cell cycle but got arrested in the S phase. Finally, in human diabetic subjects, hypertrophy and vacuolization were observed in the PECs. Our data showed that PECs undergo substantial changes in DN and may participate in rearrangement for differentiation into podocytes.

本文言語English
論文番号1515
ジャーナルScientific reports
11
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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