Body bias control is one of the most efficient means to reduce leakage power, adjust process variation, and apply performance boost. However, such control incurs a certain power overhead that has to be reduced, especially in ultra low-power systems. In order to exploit the advantages of body bias control while guaranteeing power efficiency, an on-chip control scheme is required. Conventionally, on-chip body bias control relies on the use of digital-analog converters. However, such analog circuits require a high power supply voltage and an additional power source, resulting in a considerable power overhead and an increased system cost. In this paper, an on-chip 'Digitally assisted Automatic Body-bias Tuning' (DABT) scheme for ultra low-power systems is proposed and evaluated. The proposed scheme controls the body bias voltage so as to meet the timing constraints of a given target system. Since DABT is based on 'Digitally assisted' circuitries, it can decrease the power supply voltage to near-threshold region and, therefore, a significant amount of power overhead can be reduced. The proposed system is fabricated with the 65-nm silicon on thin box (SOTB) process, a fully depleted silicon on insulator technology. We demonstrate that the chip can achieve the expected functionality, even with 0.35 V of power supply voltage, and with only a few micro watts of power overhead. Moreover, the efficiency of the proposed system is evaluated with a MIPS processor, adopted as a case study. According to the obtained evaluation results, the proposed system can enable 80% of leakage reduction while maintaining the frequency required to meet the timing constraints of the adopted target MIPS processor.
|ジャーナル||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2018 10|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering