Background Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have been reported to be generally well tolerated. However, angioedema has been reported as one of the rare adverse events of these drugs. Case report We report a case in which angioedema induced by vildagliptin disappeared after changing to another DPP-4 inhibitor, alogliptin. Discussion Our case suggests that there is a difference in the risk of angioedema among DPP-4 inhibitors. To clarify this possibility, further investigation on the risk of angioedema among DPP-4 inhibitors is warranted.
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