Do education vouchers prevent dropout at private high schools? Evidence from Japanese policy changes

Hideo Akabayashi, Hiroko Araki

研究成果: Article

3 引用 (Scopus)

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Although education voucher programs for students attending private high schools have existed in Japan for decades, to date there have been no studies that examine their effectiveness. In this study, we estimate the programs' preventative effect on dropout by using school-track level (academic or vocational) panel data covering all high schools in northern Japan. Prefectural governments have faced increasing dropout rates stemming from financial difficulties, and expanded the scope and amount of their private high school tuition support programs since the late 1990s. We use this variation to identify the effect of tuition support on students' dropout decisions, controlling for initial academic ability of students entering the schools and unobservable school-track effects. We also apply the instrumental variable method to account for the possible endogeneity of policy changes. Our results suggest that increasing tuition support is particularly effective in preventing the dropout of private high school students on nonacademic tracks.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)183-198
ページ数16
ジャーナルJournal of The Japanese and International Economies
25
発行部数3
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2011 9 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations

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