Do verbs and adjectives play different roles in different cultures? A cross-linguistic analysis of person representation

Anne Maass, Minoru Karasawa, Federica Politi, Sayaka Suga

研究成果: Article査読

61 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Five studies are reported testing the hypothesis that Westerners (Italians) rely more on trait adjectives and that East Asians (Japanese) rely more on behavior-descriptive verbs in person description and memory. In Studies 1 (N = 80) and 2 (N = 128), Italians used more adjectives and fewer verbs than Japanese to describe individuals and groups. Likewise, Studies 3 (N = 161) and 4 (N = 84) revealed that Italians committed more memory errors indicative of behavior-to-trait inferences, whereas Japanese showed an opposite tendency (Study 3) or no difference (Study 4). Study 5 (N = 64) revealed that in both languages, adjectives were perceived to provide more information about the actor and that verbs were perceived to provide more information about the situation. Yet, Japanese participants found adjectives less predictive of future behavior but facilitative of the process of imagining a concrete situation. These results are interpreted as providing evidence for systematic cultural differences in the elaboration of social information.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)734-750
ページ数17
ジャーナルJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
90
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2006 5
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

フィンガープリント 「Do verbs and adjectives play different roles in different cultures? A cross-linguistic analysis of person representation」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル