Dynamic cooperation between epidermal barriers and Langerhans cells

Akiharu Kubo

研究成果: Article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Skin is the structure that covers our body and protects it from not only the entry of pathogens or allergens but also from the leakage of water, solutes or nutrients. These outside-in and inside-out skin barrier functions are dependent on the epidermis, a stratified epithelial cellular sheet.While mucus covers the epidermis in fish and amphibian tadpoles, ter- minally differentiated cornified cellular sheets called stratum corneum (SC) constitute the outermost epidermal barrier in amphibian adults, reptiles, birds and mammals. Beneath the mucus or SC, apical paracellular spaces of epidermal cells are sealed with tight junctions (TJs) that might limit paracellular leakage of water and electrolytes to maintain fluid homeostasis. We have recently reported in mice that Langerhans cells (LCs) elongate their dendrites to penetrate through epidermal TJs upon activation and uptake antigens from extra-TJ environment. During antigen uptake, new TJs are formed between keratinocytes and LC dendrites to maintain the integrity of epidermal TJ barriers. To under- stand the epidermal barrier system and its deficiency observed in human skin diseases, we need to re-evaluate human epidermal barrier as a composite barrier consisting of SC and TJs and to investigate the molecular mechanism and im- munological consequences of the extra-TJ antigen uptake activity of LCs.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)76-84
ページ数9
ジャーナルJapanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
34
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫アレルギー学
  • 免疫学

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