Background: We evaluated the clinical efficacy of adalimumab (ADA) for Crohn's disease (CD) and analyzed predictive factors for clinical remission and long-term prognosis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 45 patients treated with ADA for CD at Keio University Hospital between October 2010 and March 2014. Clinical remission was defined as a Harvey-Bradshaw index of ≤ 4. Results: Twenty-eight of 45 patients (62.2%) achieved clinical remission at week 4. Among these 28 patients, 18 patients (64.3%) maintained clinical remission at week 26, and among these, 16 patients (88.9%) maintained clinical remission at week 52. Absence of a history of bowel resection and absence of prior anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy were significant predictive factors for clinical remission at week 4 upon multivariate logistic regression analyses. Younger age and a disease duration of ≤ 3 years correlated with clinical remission at week 26 upon univariate analyses. Patients without a history of bowel resection showed significantly better long-term prognosis than those with a history of bowel resection (p = 0.01). None of the patients contracted a serious infectious disease. Conclusions: Younger age, shorter duration of disease, being naive to anti-TNF antagonists, and absence of a history of bowel resection were associated with the efficacy of ADA in CD patients.
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