Eco-efficiency assessment of Japanese municipalities based on environmental impacts and gross regional product

Junya Yamasaki, Toshiharu Ikaga, Norihiro Itsubo

研究成果: Article査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Governments at different levels need to appreciate the environmental impacts of socioeconomic activities within their boundaries. They also need to decide relevant environmental policies after carefully examining future pathways based on the relationship between the environment and the economy. This study focuses on Japanese basic administrative divisions (i.e., municipalities) and attempts to quantify the annual environmental efficiency of processes and socioeconomic activities within each of these divisions using life-cycle impact assessment (LCIA) concepts. A key element of the LCIA is the integration of different environmental loads across various impact categories, such as global warming, air pollution, and land use, and their representation through a simple indicator. First, we conduct annual environmental impact assessments for all Japanese municipalities based on reliable, verifiable, and comparable statistical information. Next, we estimate the environmental efficiency of socioeconomic activities within each division by dividing the gross regional product (GRP) with the environmental damage amounts calculated through LIME2, an LCIA-based tool tailored for Japan. Assessment results for each municipality are visualized on maps of Japan in order to highlight the spatial distribution of the values for each indicator. The findings of this study can aid local, regional, and national governments in Japan to inform environmental policy design and decision-making at different spatial levels.

本文言語English
論文番号4045
ジャーナルSustainability (Switzerland)
11
15
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 8 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地理、計画および開発
  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • 管理、モニタリング、政策と法律

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