Ectopic expression of blood type antigens in inflamed mucosa with higher incidence of FUT2 secretor status in colonic Crohn's disease

Jun Miyoshi, Tomoharu Yajima, Susumu Okamoto, Katsuyoshi Matsuoka, Nagamu Inoue, Tadakazu Hisamatsu, Katsuyoshi Shimamura, Atsushi Nakazawa, Takanori Kanai, Haruhiko Ogata, Yasushi Iwao, Makio Mukai, Toshifumi Hibi

研究成果: Article査読

29 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background Host-intestinal microbial interaction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). The surface molecules of the intestinal epithelium act as receptors for bacterial adhesion and regulate the intestinal bacteria. Some known receptors are the mucosal blood type antigens, which are regulated by the fucosyltransferase2 (FUT2) gene, and individuals who express these antigens in the gastrointestinal tract are called secretors. Recent research has revealed that the FUT2 gene is associated with Crohn's disease (CD) in western populations. Methods To clarify the contribution of mucosal blood type antigens in IBD, we determined the incidence of five previously reported single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the FUT2 gene in Japanese patients. We also used immunohistochemistry to investigate the antigen expression in mucosal specimens from IBD patients and animal models. Results Genetic analysis revealed that all of the patients with colonic CD were secretors, whereas the incidence of secretors was 80, 80, 67, and 80%, respectively, for the control, ileocolonic CD, ileal CD, and ulcerative colitis groups (P = 0.036). Abnormal expression of blood type antigens was observed only in colonic CD. Interleukin- 10 -/- mice, but not dextran sulfate sodium colitis mice, had enhanced colonic expression of blood type antigens, and the expression of these antigens preceded the development of colitis in the interleukin-10 -/- mice. Conclusions FUT2 secretor status was associated with colonic-type CD. This finding, taken together with the immunohistochemistry data, suggests that the abnormal expression of blood type antigens in the colon may be a unique and essential factor for colonic CD.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1056-1063
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of gastroenterology
46
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 消化器病学

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