Effect of dietary anti-urease immunoglobulin Y on Helicobacter pylori infection in Mongolian gerbils

Sachiko Nomura, Hidekazu Suzuki, Tatsuhiro Masaoka, Kumiko Kurabayashi, Hiromasa Ishii, Masaki Kitajima, Kikuo Nomoto, Toshifumi Hibi

研究成果: Article査読

44 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background and aim. Helicobacter pylori is known to be a major pathogenic factor in the development of gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. Recently, chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin Y (IgY) has been recognized as an inexpensive antibody source for passive immunization against gastrointestinal infections. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of anti-urease IgY on H. pylori infection in Mongolian gerbils. Methods. H. pylori-infected Mongolian gerbils were administered a diet containing anti-urease IgY, with or without famotidine (F). After 10 weeks, bacterial culture and measurement of the gastric mucosal myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were performed. In a second experiment, another group of gerbils was started on a diet containing F + IgY a week prior to H. pylori inoculation. After 9 weeks, these animals were examined. Results. In the H. pylori-infected gerbils, there were no significant differences in the level of H. pylori colonization among the different dietary and control groups. However, the MPO activity was significantly decreased in the H. pylori group administered the F + IgY diet compared with that in the H. pylori group administered the IgY, F, or control diet. Furthermore, in the gerbils administered the F + IgY diet prior to the bacterial inoculation, inhibition of H. pylori colonization and suppression of the elevated gastric mucosal MPO activity were observed. Conclusions. Oral administration of urease-specific IgY not only inhibited H. pylori disease activity in H. pylori-infected gerbils, but also prevented H. pylori colonization in those not yet infected. These encouraging results may pave the way for a novel therapeutic and prophylactic approach in the management of H. pylori-associated gastroduodenal disease.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)43-52
ページ数10
ジャーナルHelicobacter
10
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 3月 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 消化器病学
  • 感染症

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