Experimental results for the properties of ultrasonic propagation velocity in kerosene-based and water-based magnetic fluids are reported. Ultrasonic wave frequencies of 1 MHz, 2 MHz and 4 MHz are used and the measurement scheme is based on the pulse method. The external magnetic field intensity is varied from 0 mT to 550 mT and the angle between the magnetic field direction and the direction of ultrasonic wave propagation is varied from 0° to 90°. The ultrasonic propagation velocity in magnetic fluids is dependent on temperature, elapsed time of applying the magnetic field, and magnetic field intensity. Hysteresis and anisotropy of ultrasonic propagation velocity are observed. These interesting results seem to be related to chain-like cluster formation in the magnetic fluids and the characteristic period of Brownian motion of the magnetic particles.
|ジャーナル||JSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 2006 2 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes